In India, urbanisation is a rapidly growing trend fuelled by the government’s emphasis on the manufacturing and services sectors as engines of growth and the transition thereof to these sectors from agriculture. As per the 2011 census report, more than 600 million Indians will be living in urban areas by 2031, and the contribution of urban India to her GDP is expected to rise from 52% in 2011 to 75% in 2031. Yet, the current state of infrastructure, human capital and services in Indian cities is an important constraint in accommodating the pace of urbanisation. A plan for rapid development of 100 smart cities by the Government of India intends to address this challenge. A smart city is commonly defined as one that leverages technology to integrate and optimise its limited resources towards better habitability, sustainability and citizen empowerment. But there is limited understanding of how technology-enabled solution(s) will help a city evolve into safe, secure, and efficient urban cities. After all, one solution would not fit all regions.
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