Area, Production and Yield of cereals in India

The area harvested under rice and wheat increased by 26.2% and 136.7% respectively from 1961 to 2017 while the area harvested under Barley, Sorghum, and Millet declined by 79.5%, 67.9% and 51.2% respectively for the same period. The area under wheat was well below the area under sorghum and millet until 1970-72. The gap between the areas under rice and wheat has narrowed significantly since 1961. The production of wheat and rice has increased steeply by 795.8% and 215% while the millet production has increased by 49.6% from 1961 to 2017. These figures are consistent with the idea that green revolution in the late 1960s has displaced lower-yielding crops (millets, sorghum) and pulses with cereals with higher yield potential (rice and wheat).

Source : FAOSTAT