Energy Consumption & Savings Behavior of Consumers
Residential buildings in India use nearly 6.5 times more energy than the commercial and public services sector, and consumption is expected to grow four-fold by 2030 due to growing disposable income, increase in urban population, improvement in physical infrastructure, and greater market penetration of electric appliances. 
Prior research finds that the problem of high energy consumption is not addressed by mere shifts in adoption of energy-efficient technology or new energy development. Rather, shifts in energy consumption and savings behaviour of consumers has significant potential to address this problem. Further, these consumer behaviours have been primarily studied in advanced economies
A specific intervention that has garnered attention in recent research on energy savings is the use of emergent technologies in the electricity grid and consumer electronics. These energy management technologies facilitate the design of “smart homes” that demonstrate significant potential to reduce energy consumption in urban households. Intrinsic to smart homes is a network of assets, communication, controls and data that work together to reduce the consumer’s energy costs, while improving her comfort, convenience and quality of life.
This initiative aims to address the impact of different variants of these emergent technologies on energy consumption, including insights into consumer behaviours in emerging economies with respect to energy usage.