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India's urban population stands at 377 million. In the next 30 years, another 350 million more people are projected to move to urban areas. From 1951 -2011, India´s urban population increased from 62.4 million to 377.1 million (source: census of India). This is more than five times the increase in urban population and in fact the majority of the urban population growth happened in the period of 2001-2011, where the urban population increased by 97 million. This is alone more than 30% of the overall urban population increase since 1951. This increase has had a massive influence on the country´s cityscape. This is reflective of the increase of million-plus population cities in the country. The number of million-plus cities has gone up from 35 to 53 over the last decade and it is projected to reach 87 by 2037 (source: Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services: The High-Powered Expert Committee (HPEC) for estimating the Investment Requirements for Urban Infrastructure Services). A study covering 53, one million-plus population cities have been studied and the same has been published in ISBInsights. The study was conducted in collaboration with Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation.
As a result, Smart Cities Index comprises the following six characteristics, with each of them having their own set of unique factors which is measured by a set of indicators:
Living: Represents the quality of life and availability of basics services.
Governance: Represents the responsiveness of the urban local body and its service quality.
People: Represents the level of education and inclusiveness of the residents of a city.
Economy: Represents the extent of economic opportunities that a city offers.
Mobility: Represents the ease with which people can move around within the city and can access jobs, and education, etc.
Environment: Represents the air quality and the use of sustainable practices.